Effect of different levels of concentrate supplement on the reproductive performance of dairy cows maintained to pastureEffect of different levels of concentrate supplement on the reproductive performance of dairy cows maintained to pasture

Rafael Salmazo, Ivone Yurika Mizubuti, Fernanda Barros Moreira, Marco Antonio da Rocha, Edson Luis de Azambuja Ribeiro, Marcelo Marcondes Seneda, Paulo Tadatoshi Hiroki, Cristina Célia Krawulski, André Gomiro Rigo, Rafael Vasconcelos Schroeder

Abstract


This experiment was carried out with the objective of evaluating the effects of different levels of concentrate supplement in the pre and post-parturition periods on the reproductive performance of dairy cow. 54 cows in a completely randomized design, distributed in x factorial arrangement, being treatments, periods and 9 repetitions for treatment, were used. The treatments with different levels of concentrate supplement (in dry basis) in the pre-parturition periods (PRE), were: PRE1 = 0% of body weight (BW); PRE = 0.5% of BW; PRE = 1.0% of BW; and in the post-parturition (POS), were: POS1 = 1kg for each .5 kg of produced milk; POS = 1kg for each .0kg of produced milk and POS = 1kg for each 1.5kg of produced milk, above 6 kg of milk a day. The ultrasonography evaluation and body score were evaluated every seven days. 0 animals presented estrus and 1 animals became pregnant in the evaluated period. The average interval between parturition-first estrus was of 53.13 days, varying from 19 to 105 days. The amount of animals that entered in the estrus in the 1 0 days of evaluation increased with the post parturition supplementation level, being of , 4 and 7 animals for the treatments 1, and , respectively. For the conception, the only treatment in that all the animals became pregnant, was the treatment PRE and POS . There was higher number of conceptions among the animals that received treatment and , so much in the pre as in the post-parturition, in relation to animals that received the treatment 1. The increasing supplement level in the treatments pre and postparturition caused lineal decrease of the number of weeks for beginning of follicular activity (BFA) and beginning of follicular growth (BFG). There was negative correlation among BFA (-0. 4), BFG (-0. 1) and body score to the parturition. It can be concluded that the increasing supplement level in the pre and post-parturition treatments, increases the amount of animals that manifest estrus and become pregnant in the first 120 days post-parturition, as well as, in the pregnant maintenance. Lineal decrease occurred in the time for BFA and BFG as increases the supplement level in the pre and post- parturition, being these correlated with the body score to the parturition.


Keywords


Feeding; Energy balance; Bovine; Pre-parturition; Post-parturition.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2008v29n3p731

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional