Epidemiologic characterization of bovine tuberculosis in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil

Jason Onell Ardila Galvis, José Henrique Hildebrand Grisi-Filho, Daniele da Costa, Alba Luisa Pereira Ribeiro Said, Marcos Amaku, Ricardo Augusto Dias, Fernando Ferreira, Vitor Salvador Picão Gonçalves, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Evelise Oliveira Telles, José Soares Ferreira Neto

Abstract


A cross-sectional study was carried out between January 2012 and May 2014 to investigate the status of bovine tuberculosis in the state of Espírito Santo. The state was divided into two regions, and in each of them, 300 farms with reproductive activity were randomly selected and considered as the primary sampling units. In the selected farms, a fixed number of female bovines aged over 2 years were randomly selected to undergo a comparative cervical tuberculin test; an epidemiologic questionnaire was also applied. In the state of Espírito Santo, the apparent prevalence of tuberculosis-positive farms was 7.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.7-9.9). Prevalence at the herd level varied from 4.6% (95% CI = 2.6-7.3) in region 1 to 11.1% (95% CI = 7.7-15.3) in region 2. The apparent prevalence of tuberculosis-positive animals was 0.7% (95% CI = 0.3-1.1) in the state, and the prevalence varied from 0.3% (95% CI = 0.2-0.6) in region 1 to 1.2% (95% CI = 0.3-2.9) in region 2. The risk factors associated with tuberculosis prevalence in Espírito Santo were the number of adult females ? 10 (odds ratio [OR] = 2.40; 95% CI = 1.17-5.31) and milking type (milking machine/milking parlor) (OR = 2.88; 95% CI = 1.36-5.86]). The state of Espírito Santo should set up a surveillance system to detect and control bovine tuberculosis, taking into account the importance of dairy farms and animal trade in the state.

Keywords


Bovine; Brazil; Espírito Santo; Prevalence; Risk factor; Tuberculosis.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2016v37n5Supl2p3567

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional