Evaluation of cortisol and glycemia levels of dogs anesthetized with sevoflurane and premedicated with either butorphanol or phetidine

Ewaldo de Mattos Junior, Gustavo José von Glehn dos Santos, Claudia Russo, João Paulo Elsen Saut, Selwyn Arlinton Headley

Abstract


The objective of this study was to compare the influence of butorphanol and phetidine as part of the preanesthetic medication, in 20 healthy dogs submitted to experimental orthopedic surgery. Dogs were randomly allocated in two groups: GI, acepromazine and butorphanol (0,05 mg.kg 1 and 0,4 mg.kg 1, respectively, i.m.) and, GII, acepromazine and phetidine (0,05 mg.kg 1and 4 mg.kg 1, respectively, i.m.). Anesthesia was induced by administration of propofol (5 mg.kg 1) and maintained by the use of sevoflurane delivered in a 100% oxygen circuit. Plasma concentrations of cortisol and glucose were measured during several surgical procedures: T0, before preanesthetic medication; T1, 20 minutes after preanesthetic medication; T2, at skin incision; T3, at periostal stimulation; and, T4, at skin suture. Concentrations of plasma glucose were not significantly different between the surgical procedures and between the two groups evaluated. Concentrations of plasma cortisol were significantly higher in dogs administered with butorphanol between the surgical procedures of T0 and T3, compared with values for dogs administered with phetidine. These results suggest that phetidine is more adequate to control plasma cortisol in dogs submitted to orthopedic surgery than anesthesia with sevoflurane.


Keywords


Anesthesia; Opioids; Neuroendocrine stress; Canine.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2009v30n2p425

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional