Hepatic function evolution in dogs anesthetized with Zolazepam/Tiletamine

Ewaldo de Mattos Junior, Claudia Russo, Gustavo José Von Glehn Santos, Mara Regina Stripp Balarin, João Paulo Elsen Saut

Abstract


The hepatic effects of the anesthetic association zolazepam/tiletamine were investigated in dogs by analyzing the serum concentration of hepatic enzymes. Ten healthy dogs were divided into two groups of five, group I (GI) and group II (GII). The animals of GI received a single dose of 6,6 mg/kg of zolazepam/tiletamine, by intramuscular (IM) injection. GII dogs received 6,6 mg/kg of zolazepam/ tiletamine by the IM route; after a period of 50 – 80 minutes the animals received two additional doses (3,3 mg/kg) by intravenous administration[SAH1]. The hepatic function were analyzed by monitoring the serum concentrations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GGT). Four blood samples were collected in different moments during the analyses: M0, before the first application of the drug; and M1 to M4. M1 through M3 was collected with intervals of 20 minutes before M0, while M4 was obtained 24 hours after M1. The normality of the obtained results was analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test; while the Tukey’s test compared the means, using a level of significance of 5% for both statistical analyses. The mean values of all enzymes evaluated were within normal limits for both experimental groups, without any significant statistical alteration being observed between and within these groups. These results demonstrated that the association of zolazepam/tiletamine at the dosage of 6.6 mg/kg, followed by two applications additional of 3.3 mg/kg resulted in elevation of the evaluated hepatic enzymes without exceeding the physiologic values. Additionally, a single application of 6.6 mg/kg of zolazepam/ tiletamine by the intramuscular route resulted in lower values when compared to three applications.


Keywords


Dissociative anesthesia; Hepatic enzymes; Canine.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2009v30n2p417

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional