Yield and combining ability stability in different oat populations

Igor Pirez Valério, Fernando Irajá Félix de Carvalho, Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Claudir Lorencetti, Velci Queiroz de Souza, José Antonio Gonzáles da Silva, Irineu Harwig, Douglas André Mallmann Schmidt, Ivandro Bertan, Guilherme Ribeiro

Abstract


The association of stability indexes and diallel analyses can provide a strong tool for the predictability of  selecting  quantitative  traits. Therefore,  the  present work  had  as  objective  to  test  the  stability  of different oat populations, originating from  the combination of fve parental genotypes (UPF 16, UPF 18, UFRGS 7, UFRGS 17 and URPel 15) as assessed by their general and specifc combining abilities. The  experimental design  consisted of  random blocks with  three  replications. The  experiments were performed in the Centro Agropecuário da Palma, in the experimental feld belonging to the Centro de Genômica e Fitomelhoramento,  in Capão do Leão county, Rio Grande do Sul state. The essays were performed in 2002 and 2003, as one and two experiments, respectively, adding up to three environments. The evaluation in different generations and years was essential to discriminate well the genotypes for the stability of their specifc combining ability effects. The crosses UPF 16 x UPF 18, UPF 16 x UFRGS 7 and UPF 16 x UFRGS 17 were found to be promising regarding the increase grain yield by indirect selecting number of panicles per plant, number of grains per panicle and panicle weight, respectively.


Keywords


Avena sativa L; Diallel analysis; Grain yield and plant breeding



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2009v30n2p331

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional