Evaluation of the therapeutic supplementation with commercial powder probiótic to puppies with hemorrhagic gastroenteritis

Pedro Luiz de Camargo, Maria Beatriz Tassinari Ortolani, Simone Akemi Uenaka, Maitê Bette Motta, Cecília dos Reis Braga, Pâmela Cristina dos Santos, Jamil Correia da Silva Júnior, Viviane Gonçalves Vieira, Alice Fernandes Alfieri


Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (GHE) is a common motivation to hospitalization and mortality between puppies. Considering the beneficial effects of probiotics in the treatment of some gastrointestinal disorders, we evaluated the usefulness of the probiotic product in 100 puppies hospitalized because GHE. Fifth dogs were treated by intravenous fluid, antiemetic, antibiotics and probiotic product (G1), and the other 50 only by supportive and symptomatic therapy (G2). We accessed the titters of anticorpus anti-parvovirus by HI, fecal excretion of virus by HA and registered the duration of internation period and tolerance to probiotic ingestion. The titters of HI were similar between G1 and G2 in the samples from entrance (P = 0,553) and at the hospital discharge (P = 0,844), moreover arises during hospitalization in booth groups (P < 0,001). The fecal excretion of virus of G1 and G2 were similar in booth moments (P = 0,746 and P = 0,294, respectively) furthermore the G1 showed lowest fecal titters of virus at hospital discharge (P < 0,001). The internation period in the G1 variates one to 15 days and one to 10 days in the G2 group, without statistical difference between the groups (P = 0,70). The rate of mortality in the G1 was 37,50% (18/48) and 26% (13/50) in the G2, lacking statistical significance (P = 0,49). Probiotic tolerance was regular to excellent in 95% of the administrations, furthermore the animals that died demonstrate intolerance. These observation permits no established a relationship between the administration of Lactobacilus acidophillus based probiotic and shortening treatment duration, improved in the disease evolution or anticorpus production, likewise showed positive influence over fecal excretion of virus. Considering the parvovirosis, this is a desirable factor to decrease dissemination of the disease between susceptible population.


Dog; Probiotic; Hemorragic gastrrenteritis; Parvovirosis.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2006v27n3p453

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional