Vegetative propagation by cuttings of azaléia tree (Rhododendron thomsonii HOOK. f.)

Aurea Portes Ferriani, Michele Fernanda Bortolini, Katia Christina Zuffellato-Ribas, Henrique Soares Koehler

Abstract


Rhododendron thomsonii (Ericaceae) is a chinese ornamental hardwood species. The seeds are used just for hybrids production, therefore, vegetative propagation is an appropriate way for large scale plant production. The rooting potential was evaluated in cuttings collected in spring/2004 from stock plants localized in Curitiba, Paraná. The stem cuttings were produced with 12 cm long, right cut upper and bevel bellow, with two half leaves and treated with sodium hypochlorite for ten minutes and current water for five minutes. The cuttings basis were dipped in IBA treatments (0, 1000, 2000, 4000mgL-1) in alcoholic solutions and talc (0, 1000, 2000, 4000 mgKg-1), totalling eight treatments with four replications of nine cuttings. Mean separation were made using a pair wise design (4X2) in a association between dosage and application ways. The cuttings were planted in vermiculite medium and maintained in greenhouse for 70 days. The evaluation included percentage of rooting, callus cuttings (without root with callus), alive and dead cuttings. No rooting was verified in cuttings collected in this season. The variance analysis showed no interactions between dosage and application ways.


Keywords


Rhododendron tomsonii; Indolebutyric acid; Semihardwood cutting.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2006v27n1p35

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional