Comparative study of two serological tests for detection of anti-Theileria equi antibodies in horses

Thállitha Samih Wischral Jayme Vieira, Jessica Damiana Marinho Valente, Nayara Bezerra Silva, Patrícia Mara Lopes Sicupira, Ivan Roque Barros-Filho, Alexander Welker Biondo, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Odilon Vidotto

Abstract


Theileria equi is the causative agent of worldwide piroplasmosis, an important tick-borne disease of equids associated to a lifetime carrier state of infected horses. Since rapid, accessible and reliable tests have been posted as a challenge for clinicians, the aim of the present study was to verify the agreement between an in-house immunofluorescence antibody assay (IFA) and a commercial competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) in a population of 198 carthorses from Southern Brazil. The horse seroreactivity for T. equi revealed 152/198 (76.8%) positive samples by IFA and 155/198 (78.3%) by cELISA. Using cELISA as gold standard, IFA has shown a sensitivity of 91.6% (95% CI = 86.18-95.03%) and specificity of 76.7% (95% CI = 62.26-86.85%), with a substantial degree of agreement (k = 0.8445). In conclusion, the in-house IFA may be used as a screening test for diagnosis of equine piroplasmosis.


Keywords


Piroplasmosis; Equids; Seroepidemiology; Theileriosis.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n6Supl2p4361

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional