Fetal sex influence in the productive performance of dairy cows

Anielly de Paula Freitas, Manuela Pires Monteiro da Gama, Guilherme Felipe Ferreira dos Santos, Gabriela Geraldi Mendonça, Mariana Alencar Pereira, Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi Filho, Claudia Cristina Paro de Paz, Lenira El Faro Zadra

Abstract


Investigating factors that could affect milk production of cows is an important way to improve the efficiency of production systems. This purpose of this study was to verify and quantify the influence of calf sex on milk production and lactation length in herds of Holstein, Gir, and Guzera cows. Data from 10,780 lactations of 4,807 Holstein cows that calved between 2001 and 2013; 18,898 lactations of 13,172 Gir cows that calved between 1985 and 2013; and 5,277 lactations of 3,972 Guzera cows that calved between 1987 and 2013 were used. Both the accumulated 305-day milk yield (P305) and the length of the lactation period up to 305 days (DL305) were evaluated. Analysis of variance was performed by the least squares method using the GLM procedure in the SAS statistical program. The P305 was not influenced by the sex of the calf in the Holstein breed. However in the zebu breeds (Gir and Guzera), both P305 and DL305 were significantly affected (P < 0.01) by the sex of the calf, with higher production and average length of lactation in cows that calved males. In addition, a significant difference was also nested within sex of calf and age at first calving (P < 0.05) in the Gir breed. The results indicate that for the zebu breeds, calf sex influences production characteristics.

Keywords


Milk production; Lactation; Lactation length.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2016v37n4Supl1p2549

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional