Evaluation of resistance of corn hybrids against the attack of Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored kernels

Alberto Luiz Marsaro Júnior, Sonia Maria Noemberg Lazzari, Patrícia Kadozawa, Elisa Yoko Hirooka, Antônio Carlos Gerage

Abstract


Resistance of corn hybrids, cultivated or in phase of genetic improvement in Paraná, was evaluated against the attack of Sitophilus zeamais, main grain pest of corn storage. Samples of kernels of eleven hybrids of corn, IPD T1/3AC, IPD 029, IPT 4/029, AG 5011, IPS G/58, IPT 2/15, IPT 4/15, IPT T/23, IPT 5/T02, IPT 2/92 and IPT 9/13, were infested with adults of S. zeamais and maintained in BOD, at 27±1°C, 75±5% RH and 12 hours of photophase. After 30 days of infestation the following parameters of resistance were evaluated: susceptibility index, reduce of dry mass of the grains, number of emerged insects, biological cycle and adult mass. The most susceptible hybrids to the attack of S. zeamais were: IPD T1/3AC and IPD 029; while the most resistant were: IPT 4/029, AG 5011, IPS G/58, IPT 2/15 and IPT 4/15.


Keywords


Insecta; Plant resistance; Stored corn; Maize weevil.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2005v26n2p173

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional