Clinical and histologic study of autogenous oral mucosa in experimental lamellar ketatoplasty

Adilson Donizeti Damasceno, Nilo Sérgio Troncoso Chaves, Ingrid Bueno Athayde, Vinícius Rivera Cardoso Prado

Abstract


Eight male dogs of non-specified breed, weighing about 12,4 kg, were subjected to surgical oral mucosa detachment using among others a 5 mm diameter trepan followed by it fixation on 4,5 mm diameter corneal lesion made in an eye, using 9-0 nylon thread in interrupted simple suture pattern. The animals were divided to 4 groups constituted by 2 animals, for histologic study at 15, 30, 45, 60 days of post surgical phase. Meanwhile, clinical findings such as blepharospasm, opacity, neovascularization, ocular discharge, chemosis and characteristics of the graft (vascularization, pigmentation and adhesiveness), were qualitative and quantitatively evaluated at 0-2 days, 3-7 days, 8-15 days, 16-30 days and 31-60 days of postoperative period. Blepharospasm and chemosis were more intense at initial periods, corneal opacity and vascularization (of cornea and grafts) at intermediate periods, both with regressing tendency on the latest periods. Serous mucous exsudate was predominant in higher degrees at the initial and intermediate phases and was absent on the later phases. Clinically, the integration of the graft was verified at 15th day. Pigment deposition was seen on two animals on the later periods. The microscopic study revealed on initial and intermediate periods a thick epithelium in comparasion with the underlying cornea, with vacuolization of the inmost cells, intense fibroplasia and collagen fibers deposition on a disorganized setting and intense vascularization of the graft. Mild polymorphonuclear infiltration in graft was observed at 15th day. Plasmocyte infiltration at intermediate phase was mild to moderate. On the 60th day, were observed reasonably thick epithelium with projections to stroma, moderate presence of fibrocytes, collagen on a more organized setting, vascularization ranging from mild to absent and lymphoplasmocitary infiltration in moderate degree. The results allowed us to admit that keratoplasty technique employing buccal mucosa is feasible option for tectonic and reconstructive means in dogs.


Keywords


Dogs; Buccal mucosa; Cornea; Graft; Lamellar keratoplasty; Ocular surgery.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2004v25n2p117

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional