Corn: risk associated with contamination by F. Verticillioides and fumonisins

Edson Luiz Zangrando Figueira, Alexandre Rodrigo Coelho, Elisabete Yurie Sataque Ono, Elisa Yoko Hirooka

Abstract


The corn (Zea mays L.) is the main culture of food productive chain with annual production of 583 million tons, where Brazil accounts with approximately 7% of total. Concerning the nutritional properties, the corn is attacked by several predadors, with emphasis on fumonisin producing Fusarium verticillioides Sacc. Niremberg (F. moniliforme Sheldon), which predominate in corn micoflora. The deleterious effects extend from field to consumption stage worldwide, affecting every corn exporter countries. The overcoming of losses requires the domain on basic knowledges about infection/mycotoxicology, for further adequate preventive directions. The importance of corn, with emphasis on the impact of F. verticillioides/fumonisin contamination in food safety is reviewed.


Keywords


Corn; Fusarium verticillioides; Fumonisin.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2003v24n2p359

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional