Effects of aquous and ethanolic extracts of vegetal species on seed germination of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf

José Roberto Pinto de Souza, Luiz Henrique Ilkiu Vidal, Ricardo Augusto Gorne Viani

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of aquous and ethanolic extracts of medicinal species on seed germination of B. decumbens. The experimental design was completely randomized with 19 treatments (9 aquous extracts, 9 ethanolic extracts and a check was deionized water) with 4 replicates. The species and organs used to obtain the extracts were Baccharis trimera (shoot), Baccharis articulata (shoot), Canna denudata (leaves), Cymbopogom citratus (leaves), Eucalyptus citriodora (leaves), Lippia alba (leaves and branches), Momordica charantia (leaves, branches, flowers, fruits and seeds), Ocimum gratissimum (leaves, branches and flowers) e Ruta graveolens (leaves and branches). The extracts were obtained by aquous and ethanolic infusions in 10% and 1% concentration respectively. The seeds were treated with extracts for one hour and after this time sowed in plastic boxes. They were maintained in germination chamber (BOD) with 16 hours of dark/20ºC and 8 hours of light/35ºC. The evaluation were made at 7Th and 21st days after seeding (DAS). The extraction methods affected seed germination. The use of aquous extract showed greater germination percentage than the ethanolic one at 7Th and 21st days. The evaluated extracts did not affect the seeds’ germination.


Keywords


Brachiaria grass; Alelopaty; Medicinal plants.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2002v23n2p197

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional