Clinical evaluation of unadapted sheep submited to sudden intake of melon with high levels of sugar

Francisco Leonardo Costa Oliveira, Raimundo Alves Barrêto Júnior, Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino, Leonardo Frasson Reis, Marcondes Dias Tavares, Rodolfo Gurgel Vale, Jucélio Silva Gameleira, Francisco Jocelho Alexandre Souza, Clara Satsuki Mori, Enrico Lippi Ortolani

Abstract


This study evaluated the clinical effects of two different amounts of melon, with a high sugar content, suddenly offered to unadapted sheep. Twelve rumem cannulated crossbred 8-months-old sheep , weighing 25 kg each, were used. These sheep had never been fed with food concentrated with sugar or fruits. The animals were kept in collective pens with a basal diet of roughage and then randomly divided into two equal groups. The sheep in the two groups received 25% and 75% of dry matter (DM) of the diet the crushed melon, administered by the rumen cannula. Physical examination and measurement of rumen fluid pH was performed at the following times: 0, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h. The animals of G25% did not present clinical signs despite subacute acidosis expected after administration of the melon. However, in the G75%, sheep developed clinical manifestation indicative of lactic acidosis with rumen fluid pH lower than 5.0 from T6h, but did not present with dehydration. In sheep from G75 %, tachycardia was observed at 3 h and continued until the end of the study; tachypnea was also observed at 3 h, which was caused by increased abdominal circumference. Based on the results obtained, the supplementation of high amounts of melon (75% DM) in the diet is not recommended for sheep, although the use of 25% DM is safe. However, greater amounts of this fruit could be used in the diet of sheep with gradual adaptation to the substrate.


Keywords


Acidosis; Supplementation; Fruits; pH; Rumen.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n6p3721

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional