Performance of intact and castrated beef cattle in an intensive croppasture rotation system

Tercilio Turini, Edson Luis de Azambuja Ribeiro, Sérgio José Alves, Ivone Yurika Mizubuti, Leandro das Dores Ferreira da Silva

Abstract


This research had as objective to evaluate the performance of intact or castrated beef cattle in a croppasture rotation system. The experiment was conducted during 2004 and 2005, and carried out at the Cooperativa Agropecuária Mourãoense (COAMO) Experimental Farm, in Campo Mourão city, Paraná state. It was used a completely randomized design, with two treatments, intact or castrated. Forty ½Angus+½Nelore crossbred animals, with average age of nine months, were used. Half of the animals were castrated at weaning, and the other half was kept intact. Pasture was composed of two areas. The winter field, established after soybean crop, was composed by a mixture of black oat (Avena strigosa) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiforum). The summer field was composed by stargrass (Cynodon nlemfuensis) and Mombaça grass (Panicum maximum). During the winter time it was used a continues grazing system, with regulator animals (put and take), and during the summer an intensive rotational system, with regulator animals and fixed grazing period. Intact animals presented higher average daily weight gain (0.907 vs 0.698 kg), slaughter weight (490.9 vs 442.2 kg), and hot carcass weight (250.2 vs 232.6 kg). Slaughter age was influenced by sexual condition, being lesser in the intact animals. Carcass dressing percentage was similar for the groups. Castrated animals showed better finishing fat cover and backfat thickness (3.45 vs 2.70 mm) compared to intact ones. Therefore, it can be concluded that intact animals presents better performance than castrated ones when finished in an intensive crop-pasture rotation system, however, they may not present the minimum required fat cover, when slaughter at young ages.


Keywords


Carcass; Castration; Pasture; Subcutaneous fat; Weight gain.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n3Supl1p2339

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional