Germination and growth of white oat genotypes seedlings submitted to salt stress

Fabiana Carrett Timm, Juliana Magalhães Bandeira, Mariana Larrondo Bicca, Juliana de Souza Dode, Dario Munt de Moraes

Abstract


The white oat is a winter crop used in succession to rice cultivation, subject to salt stress due to the accumulation of salts in the soil, especially in the southern Rio Grande do Sul. The objective of this work was to evaluate the seed germination, initial growth of the nine genotypes seedling of white oat and to identify contrasting genotypes, well as to identify the genotypes contrasting to character for salt tolerance character. For this, the genotypes were submitted to different salt concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM de NaCl per liter of water), being analyzed the following variables: percentage of germination, first counting germination, index germination speed, length, shoots and roots dry mass of seedlings. The results may imply that seed germination that the percentage of germination was slightly decreased compared to the shoot growth and roots that have been greatly reduced with increasing salt concentrations. The root length and shoot length is in promising variables in the separation of genotypes in relation to different salt concentrations, allowing you to select two contrasting genotypes to salinity, the (URS 22) characterized as tolerant and (UPF 16) as sensitive.


Keywords


Avena sativa L.; Sodium clhoride; Seed.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n5p2987

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional