Sunflower cake in multiple supplements for cattle grazing in the dry season: Nutritional characteristics

Allan Cristian Mesacasa, Joanis Tilemahos Zervoudakis, Luciana Keiko Hatamoto-Zervoudakis, Luciano da Silva Cabral, Joadil Gonçalves de Abreu, Renata Pereira da Silva-Marques, Marcella Katherine Alonso, Rafael Gonçalves Ferrato da Silva, Juliane Quenoizoré Soares

Abstract


The objective was to evaluate the effect of inclusion levels of sunflower cake as protein source to replace soybean meal in multiple supplements for cattle grazing during dry season on nutritional parameters. Five steers were used, Nellore, non-castrated, with age and average initial weights of 20 months and 354.7 kg, respectively, divided into five paddocks of 0.25 ha each, consisting of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. The experiment was divided into 5 x 5 Latin square, composed of five experimental periods of 15 days each and five animals. The strategy adopted was the inclusion of sunflower cake in increasing levels of zero, 270, 406, 540 g / kg supplement and mineral supplement composed only by the will provided in the trough (control). Supplements were formulated to be isonitrogenous (25% CP) and provided the amount of 1.5 kg / animal / day of natural material. The forage mass and the availability of dry matter digestible pontecialmente were 3,120 and 2,379 kg DM / ha respectively. Effect was observed (P <0.10) levels of inclusion of sunflower cake compared to the control of supplement DM intake and BP. The FDMI was numerically higher in the supplemented animals (8.05 kg DM / day) over the control animals (7.09 kg DM / day). There was no effect of the supplements on ruminal pH (P> 0.10). There was a significant difference in the concentrations of NH3-N between animals that received only mineral mixture (8.64 mg / dL) and cattle supplemented with 0 (12.61 mg / dL) and 27% (11.79 mg / dL ) of adding TG in time 4 hours after supplementation. However, the concentration of NH3-N, between supplemented animalsindependent of the inclusion of TG was not significant (P> 0.10), but was numerically lower for animals supplemented with 40.6 (10.81 mg / dL ) and 54% (10.50 mg / dL) inclusion of sunflower cake. We conclude that the inclusion of sunflower cake in the formulation of the supplements did not interfere with nutritional parameters can replace soybean meal in up to 100% without affect consumption of animals, this level of supplementation.


Keywords


Formulation; Feed; Steers.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n3p1559

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional