Characterization of cattle raising in Paraíba State, Northeastern Brazil

Inácio José Clementino, Carla Rodrigues Menezes Pimenta, Leise Gomes Fernandes, Camila de Souza Bezerra, Clebert José Alves, Ricardo Auguto Dias, Marcos Amaku, Fernando Ferreira, Evelise Oliveira Telles, Vitor Salvador Picão Gonçalves, José Soares Ferreira Neto, Sérgio Santos Azevedo

Abstract


The aim of this work was to characterize the cattle raising in Paraíba State, Northeastern Brazil. The State was divided into three cattle production regions according to its mesoregions: production region 1 (Sertão mesoregion), production region 2 (Borborema mesoregion) and production region 3 (Agreste and Zona da Mata mesoregions). Overall, 689 rural properties from the three production regions were randomly selected. The variables used in the characterization were production system, farming system, type of milking, use of artificial insemination, milk cooling, number of lactating cows, daily milk production, herd size and number of bovine females > 24 months of age. It was found that most farms in Paraíba State are family or subsistence farms, predominantly mixed production, semi-intensive farming, with utilization of hand milking and natural mating, without use of milk cooling, low number of lactating cows and daily milk production. It were found differences and similarities among production regions so that it is suggested that such aspects must be taking into account in livestock development public policy planning, as well as in the implementation of disease control strategies.

 


Keywords


Cattle; Production systems; Production characteristics.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n1p557

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional