Evaluation of clinical, laboratory and electrophoretic profile to determine of the prognosis of hospitalized dogs

Andrei Kelliton Fabretti, Inês Cristina de Batista Fonseca, Iauani Varison Costa Pancieri, Fabíola Cardoso Knupp, Danilo Marques Bordini, Patrícia Mendes Pereira

Abstract


There are several diseases that can affect pets. Recognize the infirm at risk of death would allow early medical interventions and the establishment of different monitoring protocols, increasing survival. The objective of this work was to analyze the potential for prognostic markers of clinical and laboratory accessible variables in 185 hospitalized dogs. The animals were divided into two groups: those who had hospital outcome and those who have died, being the clinical nutritional status (NS) defined by the interpretation of body condition score (BCS), muscle mass score (MMS) and body mass index (BMI). The following laboratory variables were assessed: blood cell count, total leukocyte count, fibrinogen concentration, glucose, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, cholesterol, total protein, albumin and serum protein profile defined by electrophoresis. In the present study, were indicative of poor prognosis: low values of BCS, low values of MMS, decreased total number of lymphocytes, hyperphosphatemia, reduced concentrations of albumin and total protein and betaglobunin fraction, in electrophoresis. Good prognostic indicators were: normal or high BSC, appropriate MMS and discreet lift of alpha2-globulin fraction on electrophoresis. The authors did not consider blood glucose, cholesterol and calcium as prognostic indicators.


Keywords


Critical patients; Serum biochemistry; Survival.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n6p3113

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional