Pathogenesis, clinical signs and epidemiology of the poisoning by cyanogenic plants in the Brazilian northwest

Antônio Carlos Lopes Câmara, Luciana Dalcin, Benito Soto-Blanco

Abstract


This review highlights the mechanisms of action of cyanogenic plants and provides clinical signs and distribution of outbreaks in Northeastern Brazil. Cyanogenic plants causing reported outbreaks of poisoning are Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil (Piptadenia macrocarpa), Cnidoscolus quercifolias (C. phyllacanthus), M. carthaginensis var glaziovii, Passiflora foetida, Piptadenia viriflora, Sorghum halepense and S. bicolor. Findings summarized herein emphasize the great importance and wide distribution of cyanogenic plant poisoning in the Northeastern Brazil. Displaying information of animal poisoning outbreaks in cities with little knowledge of the species causing cyanogenic poisoning is primordial as a preventive measure.


Keywords


Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil; Manihot spp; Sorghum spp; Cyanogenic plants.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n4p1961

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional