Additive and non-additive genetic effects, genetic group and breeding system on carcass metric characteristics of steers originated from Charolais x Nellore rotational crossbreeding

Paulo Santana Pacheco, João Restle, Fabiano Nunes Vaz, Ivan Luiz Brondani, Dari Celestino Alves Filho, Magali Floriano da Silveira, Luciane Rumpel Segabinazzi, Leandro da Silva Freitas, Marcelo Machado Severo, André Fogaça Nigeliskii

Abstract


Carcass, leg and arm lengths of 876 steers originated from rotational crossbreeding between Charolais (C) and Nellore (N) breeds were evaluated. Two models were used in the analyses. In Model I, genetic effects were represented by breeding system - SA and genetic group nested within SA - GG(SA), being: C and N (straightbreds), 1/2C1/2N and 1/2N1/2C(G1), 3/4C1/4N and 3/4N1/4C(G2), 5/8C3/8N and 5/8N3/8C(G3) and 11/16C5/16N and 11/16N5/16C(G4). Model II corresponded to Model I, however, SA and GG(SA) were substituted by the covariables corresponding to the percentage of C breed of the steer (individual) and its mother (maternal) (additive genetic effect of C breed in relation to N), and the percentage of heterozygosis of the individual and its mother (non-additive genetic effect due to dominance). From the evaluated metric carcasses characteristics, carcass length was the most influenced by additive due to breed and heterotic genetic effects, being the individual component of more importance than maternal. C steers showed higher carcass length and lower leg and arm lengths than N. Heterosis was positive and when expressed in percentage, the values were similar for all metric carcasses characteristics. The possible non-additive genetic effects, represented by epistasis and linkage influenced the characteristics. The models were similar with respect to capacity of prediction of characteristics. The crossbreeding system used took advantage of heterosis and breed complementarity, on the carcass metric characteristics of steers submitted to production system with purpose of slaughter at two years of age.


Keywords


Bos indicus; Bos Taurus; Crossbreeding systems, Model comparisons, Multiple regression; Production of young steer.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n6p3319

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional