Performance of dairy cows in pasture supplemented with levels of concentrate and crude protein

Aline Guimarães de Oliveira, Veronaldo Souza de Oliveira, Gladston Rafael de Arruda Santos, Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos, Diomar Claudio dos Santos Sobrinho, Fábio Luiz de Oliveira, José Augusto Santana, Julianne Santiago Silva Goveia

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of four levels of concentrate (0, 1, 3 and 5 kg/ cow/day) and two of crude protein (CP) (14 and 18% crude protein in dry matter of concentrate) on performance (milk production and composition), intake and apparent nutrient digestibility, and plasma urea nitrogen concentration (PUN) of lactating cows in rotational Tanzânia (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzânia) pasture. Eight crossbred cows (Holstein-Gir) with average weight of 488 kg and average production of 12 kg of milk/cow/day, were used. The experimental design was a latin square (4x4), with four animals and four experimental diets, being used two latin squares simultaneously and individualized, each one with a CP level. Were observed influences of CP levels on CP, non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC) and total carbohydrates (TC) intakes. Dry matter (DM), crude protein, ether extract (EE), CNF, CT and total digestible nutrients (TDN) intakes increased as the concentrates were provided both as 14% (C14) to 18% CP (C18), individually. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) intake decreased as the concentrates were provided. The CP levels did not influence the apparent digestibility of DM, CP, NDF, EE and CT. However, there was an increase in the DM apparent digestibility of groups C14 and C18 individually. No influence were observed of concentrate levels and CP on PUN, milk production and composition. The results show that the rotational grazing of Tanzania, without supplementation, is the best option for milk production during the rainy season for crossbred cows with an average production of 12 kg milk/cow/day.


Keywords


Milk composition; Milk production; Nutrition; PUN.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n6p3287

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional