Ruminal degradation kinetics of protein foods by in vitro gas production technique

Ivone Yurika Mizubuti, Edson Luiz de Azambuja Ribeiro, Elzânia Sales Pereira, Eduardo Lucas Terra Peixoto, Elizabeth dos Santos Moura, Odimári Pricila Pires do Prado, Valter Harry Bumbieris Junior, Leandro das Dores Ferreira da Silva, Joyce Maria Cordeiro Cruz

Abstract


Chemical analysis of carbohydrates and nitrogen fractions, as well as, determination their carbohydrates digestion rates in soyben meal (SM), crambe meal (CM), radish meal (RM), wet brewery residue (WBR) and dehydrated silkworm chrysalis (SCD) were accomplished. The kinetics parameters of non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) and B2 fraction were estimated using cumulative gas production technique. Among the foods studied there was considerable variation in chemical composition. The crambe meal was the only food that did not present synchronism between carbohydrate and nitrogen fractions. In this food there was predominance of A+B1 carbohydrates fractions and B1+B2 nitrogen compounds fraction, and for the other predominated B2 carbohydrate fraction and B1+ B2 nitrogen compounds fraction. There were differences among the digestive kinetic parameters for all foods. The greater participation in gas production due to non-fibrous carbohydrates was found in the crambe meal and oilseed radish meal. The fermentation of fibrous carbohydrates provided higher gas volume in the wet brewery residue and in the soybean meal, however, the soybean meal was food with higher total gas volume. Non fibrous carbohydrates degradation rates of wet brewery residue and dehydrated silkworm chrysalis were far below the limits of degradation of this fraction. Due to the parameters obtained by the cumulative gas production, the soybean meal was the best food, however, all others have potential for use in animal nutrition. The cumulative gas production technique allows the estimative of degradation rates and provides further information about the ruminal fermentation kinetics of foods.


Keywords


Wet brewery residue; Dehydrated silkworm chrysalis; Coproducts.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n1p555

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional