Ornamental pepper submitted to treatments with daminozide in pots containing coconut fiber or sand

Ingrid Bernardo de Lima, Arivaldo Braga dos Santos, Julianny Jéssyca Sousa da Fonseca, Roberto Jun Takane, Claudivan Feitosa de Lacerda

Abstract


The demand for ornamental pepper as “potted plants” is growing. It is possible to produce these plants with growth regulators in substrates easily acquired and capable of providing high quality plants at low cost. The present study had the goal of evaluating the effect of applications of levels of the regulator daminozide on ornamental pepper grown in pots containing coconut fiber (FC) or sand as substrates. A completely randomized design was employed in a 2x5 factorial scheme consisting of two types of substrate (FC and sand) and five levels of daminozide (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 g L-1) applied three times during the experiment, at 25, 40, and 55 days after sowing. The following variables were analyzed: plant height, stem diameter, number, width and length of fruits, dry matter of leaf, stem, fruits, and root, leaf area, relative chlorophyll index, net photosynthesis, reduced stomatal conductance, internal CO2 concentration, transpiration rate and temperature of leaves. Daminozide reduced plant height pepper on both substrates, and the coconut fiber provided greater vigor and development. With increasing concentrations of the regulator pepper plants had more thicker stems, lower height and leaf area, leaves with higher chlorophyll content, and presented reduction in the following variables: width and length of fruits, rates of transpiration, net photosynthesis, and stomatal conductance of plants.


Keywords


Flower farming; Capsicum annuum; Inhibitor of gibberellins; Growth regulator; Substrates.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n6Supl1p3597

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional