Nitrogen application in the maize, under no tillage system: effects in the soil physical quality and agronomics characteristics

Flávia Carvalho Silva, Monica Martins da Silva, Paulo Leonel Libardi

Abstract


This research was developed in the experimental area of ESALQ-USP, city of Piracicaba , state of Sao Paulo, in a soil of sandy-clay texture and aimed to evaluate the soil physical quality and maize agronomic characteristics with maize crop under different N doses and different tillage systems. The experimental design consisted of randomized blocks with four replicates. Treatments consisted of three nitrogen doses (N) (60, 120, and 180 kg ha-1) and a control. The ammonium sulfate fertilizer was applied at 30 kg ha-1 N during seeding, and the rest was applied as sidedressing when the plants had between six and eight leaves. Were determined the bulk density, microporosity, macroporosity and total porosity of soil, at depths of 0.05, 0.15, 0.25, 0.35 m, and the maize components yield. The soil physical properties tend to change over time and N levels, especially with regard to soil macroporosity and microporosity, conditioned by the structural change of the soil.


Keywords


Soil management; Crop succession; Fertilization; Soil physical properties.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n6Supl1p3513

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional