Remaining phosphorus in soils developed from different parent materials in three topossequences, Pinheiral-RJ

Ademir Fontana, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Adailde Carmo dos Santos, Thiago Andrade Bernini, Lúcia Helena Cunha dos Anjos, Carlos Fernando Dorronsoro Fernández, Francisco José Martins Peinado

Abstract


This work aimed to evaluate the remaining phosphorus tenors and correlate with the chemical, physical and mineralogical attributes in soils horizons developed from different parent materials in three topossequences in the municipality of Pinheiral, RJ. Were described and collected samples of surface horizons (A) and subsurface (B+C) from 14 soils profiles under pasture in three toposequences (T1, T2 and T3), being T1 under basalt, T2 under muscovite-biotite-gneiss and T3 under gabbro. Chemical and physical routine analyses as well as Al and Fe by sulfuric acid attack and X-ray fluorescence, Fed (dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate) and Feo (ammonium oxalate), clay specific surface (SS), clay and oxide mineralogy and remaining phosphorus (Prem), were taken. Variations in the Prem tenors were observed, which related to the nature of parent material, landscape position and soils development degree, which can be analyzed by the chemical, physical and mineralogical variations. The Prem tenors followed the order T2 > T1 = T3 in A horizons and T1 > T3 and T2 ~ T1 e T3 in B+C horizons. Negative correlations between Prem tenors with Fe2O3 (X rays) > Fed > SS > Feo in the A horizon and with Fe2O3 (sulfuric acid) > Fe2O3 (X rays) > clay > Fed > Feo in the B+C horizons, were observed. The principal components and hierarchical clustering analysis contributed to the joint data evaluation, showing the related attributes and the similarity between soils.


Keywords


Phosphate adsorption; Surface and subsurface horizons; Soils attribute.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n5p2089

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional