Leishmania amazonensis in dog with clinical diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in Paraná State, Brazil – a case report

Aline Rafaeli Hoffmann, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, Valdair Elemar Camargo Junior, Eloiza Teles Caldart, Regina Mitsuka Breganó, Patrícia Mendes Pereira

Abstract


Leishmaniasis are antropozoonoses involving various species of Leishmania and hosts, with variable clinical presentations and considered of great importance to public health. This article describes a case of canine leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania amazonensis, from the town of Cambé, Paraná state, Brazil. This state is considered endemic for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in humans, but this is the first report in a dog in the region, caused by L. amazonensis. The taxonomic characterization of Leishmania was performed by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis technique (MLEE). Clinical signs were similar to those observed in visceral leishmaniasis as polyarthritis and progressive weight loss. It is concluded that the related polyarthritis when related to leishmaniasis, cannot be considered a clinical sign associated only with L. chagasi in view of the L. amazonensis also has this as one of its presentations. The LTA becomes a differential diagnosis of polyarthritis in dogs.


Keywords


Canis familiaris; Visceral Leishmaniasis; Polyarthritis.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n6Supl2p3265

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional