Impact of body condition on pregnancy rate of cows nellore under pasture in fixed time artificial insemination (tai) program

Marcelle Christine Nascimento Ferreira, Rodolfo Miranda, Marcelo Abidu Figueiredo, Orlando Marques Costa, Helcimar Barbosa Palhano

Abstract


The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body condition on pregnancy rate of Nellore cows, commercial herd undergoing artificial insemination programs in fixed time (TAI). 181 cows were used multiparous Nellore, the coastal plains region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, with more than one hundred days after birth, kept on pasture and divided into two groups subjected to the same synchronization protocol for TAI (D0-2 , 0 mg of estradiol benzoate + device with 1.0 g bovine intravaginal progesterone implant removal D8-250?g of cloprostenol + + 300 IU of eCG, D9-Bz 1.0 mg. Estradiol, D10-TAI). The groups were divided according to body condition score (BCS with scale of 1-5) in Group I, n=96: BCS ? 3,0, Group II, n=85: BCS ? 2.5 ? 2.0. All females were exposed to bulls, from 24 hours to pass after TAI, remaining with them until the end of the breeding season. The overall pregnancy rate was 86.5% (83:96) and 65.9% (56:85) for group I and group II, respectively. Data were evaluated by chi-square analysis and the results show a statistically significant difference (P <0.05) between groups, which may be concluded that the females of poor body condition (BCS ? 2.0 ? 2.5 ), have lower pregnancy rates compared to those best condition (BCS ? 3) when subjected to TAI program.

 


Keywords


Body condition; Pregnancy rate; TAI; Nellore cows.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n4p1861

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional