Spray nozzles and time of fungicide application on Asian soybean rust control

Jackeline Matos do Nascimento, Walber Luiz Gavassoni, Cristiano Marcio Alves de Souza, Lillian Maria Arruda Bacchi, Ademar Pereira Serra, Márcio Leizer Zaccaron

Abstract


Spray nozzles were evaluated at two different spraying times (14h and 17h 30m), in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil regarding Asian soybean rust control (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sidow). Four spray nozzles were evaluated: deflector plain tips, double deflector plain tips, extended range flat spray tips and double plain tips. A commercial formulation of epoxiconazole and pyraclostrobin (0,5 L ha-1) was sprayed in the plots. Soybean leaves were collected at the top, middle and lower canopy, for assessment of the number of lesions and uredinias. In addition, leaf area affected by P. pachyrhizi was estimated. Plots sprayed with double deflector plain tips had lower uredinia counts in the lower canopy compared to the other tips tested. Sprays done early in the afternoon with double deflector plain nozzles had lower uredinia counts compared to the other treatments. Smaller defoliation and greater a-thousand grain mass were detected in plots sprayed with fungicide using a double deflector plain tip compared to the deflector plain nozzle. Soybean yield was not affected by nozzles and time of fungicide spray.


Keywords


Glycine Max; Phakopsora pachyrhizi; Disease control; Spraying technology.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n5p2037

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional